Resources for further research

For a more detailed list of publications on GMOs, see the working post: “GMO Reports” which links to a document that has a list of over 150 pages of publications that include reports, studies and issue briefs. This page links to a variety of miscellaneous publications including some that may be harder to find or access.


The GMO threat to food sovereignty: Science, resistance and transformation,” by Brian Tokar, 2014 (10 pages), in The Global Food System: Issues and Solutions, W. Schanbacher, ed., (Praeger 2014)

Gene Drives: A report on their science, applications, social aspects, ethics and regulations,” by Critical Scientists Switzerland (CSS), European Network of Scientists for Social and Environmental Responsibility (ENSSER) & Vereinigung Deutscher Wissenschaftler (VDW); May 2019 (341 pages)

Roundup litigation discovery documents: implications for public health and journal ethics,” by Sheldon Krimsky & Carey Gillam, Journal of Public Health Policy, Vol. 39, No. 3; August 2018 (9 pages)

Glyphosate and Glyphosate‐based herbicide exposure during the peripartum period affects maternal brain plasticity, maternal behavior and microbiome,” by Julie Dechartres, Jodi L. Pawluski, Marie‐Madeleine Gueguen, Amin Jablaoui, Emmanuelle Maguin, Moez Rhimi & Thierry D. Charlier, Journal of Neuroendocrinology; May 7, 2019  [Pre-publication version]

Uncorrected proof: “The Monsanto Papers: Poisoning the scientific well,” by Leemon B. McHenry, International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine, Vol. 29, No. 3-4; June 2018

Return to Freedom: Anti-GMO Aloha ‘Āina Activism on Molokai as an Expression of Place-based Food Sovereignty,” by Clare Gupta, Globalizations, Vol. 12, No. 4; July 2015 (17 pages)

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) as Invasive Species,” by John Paull, Journal of Environment Protection and Sustainable Development, Vol.4, No.3; September 2018 (7 pages) [available online June 14, 2018]

Genetic and epigenetic characterization of the cry1Ab coding region and its 3′ flanking genomic region in MON810 maize using next-generation sequencing,” Sina-Elisabeth Ben Ali, Alexandra Schamann, Stefanie Dobrovolny, Alexander Indra, Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen, Rupert Hochegger, Alexander G. Haslberger & Christian Brandes, European Food Research and Technology, Vol. 244, No. 8; August 2018 (13 pages)

Study of the allergenic potential of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin following intra-gastric administration in a murine model of food-allergy,” by Karla I. Santos-Vigil, Damaris Ilhuicatzi-Alvarado, Ana L. García-Hernández, Juan S. Herrera-García & Leticia Moreno-Fierros, International Immunopharmacology, Vol. 61, August 2018 (12 pages)

Genetically Modified Processed Foods in India – Need to Curb Illegal Sales in the Indian Market,” by Amit Khurana, Sonam Taneja and Bhavya Khullar, Centre for Science and Environment; July 2018 (34 pages)

[Pre-publication version] “The mechanism of DNA damage induced by Roundup 360 PLUS, glyphosate and AMPA in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells – genotoxic risk assessment,” by Ewelina Woźniak et al, Food and Chemical Toxicology; accepted manuscript – July 20, 2018 (42 pages)

‘Born to Run’? Not Necessarily: Species and Trait Bias in Persistent Free-Living Transgenic Plants,” by Norman C. Ellstrand, Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, Vol. 6, No. 88; July 3, 2018 (10 pages)

Perinatal exposure to a glyphosate-based herbicide impairs female reproductive outcomes and induces second-generation adverse effects in Wistar rats,” by María M. Milesi, Virginia Lorenz, Guillermina Pacini, María R. Repetti, Luisina D. Demonte, Jorgelina Varayoud & Enrique H. Luque, Archives of Toxicology, published online June 9, 2018 (15 pages)

Ecotoxicological effects of the herbicide glyphosate in non-target aquatic species: Transcriptional responses in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis,” by M. Milan, G. Dalla Roverea, M. Smits, S. Ferraresso, P. Pastore, M.G. Marin, S. Bogialli, T. Patarnello, L. Bargelloni, V. Matozzo, Environmental Pollution, Vol. 237; June 2018 (10 pages)

Socio-Economic Research on Genetically Modified Crops: A Study of the Literature,” by Georgina Catacora-Vargas, Rosa Binimelis, Anne I. Myhr & Brian Wynne, Agriculture and Human Values, Vol. 35, Issue 2; June 2018 (25 pages)

Development and validation of IPM strategies for the cultivation of cisgenically modified late blight resistant potato,” by Geert J.T. Kessel, Ewen Mullins, Albartus Evenhuis, Jeroen Stellingwerf, Vilma Ortiz Cortes, Sinead Phelan, Trudy van den Bosch, Marieke G. Förch, Paul Goedhart, Hilko van der Voet and Lambertus A.P. Lotz, European Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 96; May 2018 (10 pages)

GMO Animal Replacement Products – Critical questions and implications for our health and the environment,” by Friends of the Earth; April 16, 2018 (8 pages)

Critical Review of the Effects of Glyphosate Exposure to the Environment and Humans through the Food Supply Chain,” by Vincenzo Torretta, Ioannis A. Katsoyiannis, Paolo Viotti & Elena Cristina Rada, Sustainability; Vol. 10, No. 4; March 24, 2018 (20 pages)

Glyphosate and AMPA concentrations in wind‐blown material under field conditions,” by Virginia C. Aparicio, Silvia Aimar Eduardo De Gerónimo, Mariano J. Mendez & José L. Costa, Land Degradation & Development, published online March 1, 2018 (pre-publication version – 38 pages)

Glyphosate application increased catabolic activity of gram-negative bacteria but impaired soil fungal community,” by Yehao Liuet al, Environmental Science and Pollution Research; March 2018 (11 pages)

Overexpression of a Native Gene Encoding 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-Phosphate Synthase (EPSPS) May Enhance Fecundity in Arabidopsis Thaliana in the Absence of Glyphosate,” by Zachery T. Beres, Xiao Yang, Lin Jin, Wanying Zhao, David M. Mackey and Allison A. Snow, International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 179, No. 5; March 2018 (12 pages) ; this study is cited in this article: “Research reveals new dimension in environmental risk posed by genetically engineered plants,” by Testbiotech; April 6, 2018

Overexpressing Exogenous 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-Phosphate Synthase (EPSPS) Genes Increases Fecundity and Auxin Content of Transgenic Arabidopsis Plants,” by Jia Fang, Peng Nan, Zongying Gu, Xiaochun Ge, Yu-Qi Feng and Bao-Rong Lu, Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 9, No. 233; February 2018 (11 pages); this study is cited in this article: “Research reveals new dimension in environmental risk posed by genetically engineered plants,” by Testbiotech; April 6, 2018

Governing the liberal self in a ‘post-truth’ era: science, class and the debate over GMOs,” by Heidi Zimmerman & Aaron Eddens, Cultural Studies; 2018 (22 pages)

Involvement of Epigenetic Mechanisms in Herbicide Resistance: The Case of Conyza canadensis,” by Theoni Margaritopoulou, Eleni Tani, Demosthenis Chachalis & Ilias Travlos, Agriculture, Vol. 8, No. 1; January 22, 2018 (9 pages)

Why are NGOs sceptical of genome editing?” by Richard Helliwell, Sarah Hartley, Warren Pearce & Liz O’Neill, EMBO Reports, Vol. 18, Issue 12; December 1, 2017 (4 pages)

Landscape predictors of pathogen prevalence and range contractions in US bumblebees,” by Scott H. McArt, Christine Urbanowicz, Shaun McCoshum, Rebecca E. Irwin, Lynn S. Adler, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Vol. 284, Issue 1867; November 29, 2017 (8 pages)

Herbicide ingredients change Salmonella enterica sv. Typhimurium and Escherichia coli antibiotic responses,” by Brigitta Kurenbach​, Paddy S. Gibson​, Amy M. Hill​, Adam S. Bitzer​, Mark W. Silby​, William Godsoe &, Jack A. Heinemann, ​ Microbiology, November 17, 2017 (11 pages) doi: 10.1099/mic.0.000573

Corporate Concentration and Technological Change in the Global Seed Industry,” by Sylvie Bonny, Sustainability, Vol. 9, No. 9; September 14, 2017 (25 pages)

The ox fall down: path-breaking and technology treadmills in Indian cotton agriculture,” by Glenn Davis Stone & Andrew Flachs, The Journal of Peasant Studies; April 2017 (24 pages)

Seeds of Hope, Seeds of Resilience – How Biodiversity and Agroecology offer Solutions to Climate Change by Growing Living Carbon,” by Dr. Vandana Shiva with Dr. Vinod Bhatt, Dr. Ashok Panigrahi, Kusum Mishra, Dr. Tarafdar, Dr. Vir Singh, Navdanya; 2017 (65 pages)

The Arrested Development of Golden Rice: The Scientific and Social Challenges of a Transgenic Biofortified Crop,” by Hyejin Lee & Sheldon Krimsky, International Journal of Social Science Studies, Vol. 4, No. 11; November 2016 (14 pages)

Biosafety aspects of genome-editing techniques,” by Sarah Z. Agapito-Tenfen, TWN Biosafety Briefing; November 2016 (11 pages)

Effect of Genetically Modified Corn on the Jejunal Mucosa of Adult Male Albino Rat,” by A.A. Ibrahim Marwa, MD and Ebtsam F. Okasha, Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology, Vol. 68, Issue 10; November 2016 (10 pages)

From Uniformity to Diversity – A paradigm shift from industrial agriculture to diversified agroecological systems,” by International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food); June 2016 (96 pages)

Neuronal development and axon growth are altered by glyphosate through a WNT non-canonical signaling pathway,” by Romina P. Coullery, María E. Ferrari & Silvana B. Rosso, NeuroToxicology, Vol. 52; January 2016 (12 pages)

Genetically Modified Herbicide-Tolerant Crops, Weeds, and Herbicides: Overview and Impact,” by Sylvie Bonny, Environmental Management, Vol. 57, No. 1; January 2016 (18 pages)

Gene flow from commercial transgenic papaya fields into feral populations in Hawaii,” by R. Manshardt, D. Bishaw, K. Pitz & C.N. Stewart Jr., Acta Horticulture, International Society for Horticultural Science; 2016 [XXIX IHC – Proc. III International Genetically Modified Organisms in Horticulture – Symposium – Past, Present and Future DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1124.5] (8 pages)

Escape of Genetically Engineered Organisms and Unintentional Transboundary Movements: Overview of Recent and Upcoming Cases and the new Risks from SynBio Organisms,” by Andreas Bauer-Panskus, Sylvia Hamberger, Mirjam Schumm & Christoph Then, Testbiotech; September, 2015 (38 pages)

An Illusory Consensus behind GMO Health Assessment,” by Sheldon Krimsky, Science, Technology, & Human Values; August 7, 2015 (32 pages)

Social Impacts of GM Crops in Agriculture: A Systematic Literature Review,” by Klara Fischer, Elisabeth Ekener-Petersen, Lotta Rydhmer and Karin Edvardsson Björnberg, Sustainability 2015, Vol. 7, No. 7; July 2, 2015 (23 pages)

The GM Contamination Register: A Review of Recorded Contamination Incidents Associated with Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), 1997–2013,” by Becky Price & Janet Cotter, International Journal of Food Contamination; October 2014 (13 pages)

Appearance/Instance of Genetically Modified Maize at Grain Receiving Harbors and Along Transportation Routes in Korea,” by Sung Min Han, Do Young Kim, MD, Romij Uddin, Ki Seon Hwang, Bumkyu Lee, Chang-Gi Kim & Kee Woong Park, Weed & Turfgrass Science, Vol. 3, No. 3; September 2014 (4 pages)

Glyphosate and Its Degradation Product AMPA Occur Frequently and Widely in U.S. Soils, Surface Water, Groundwater, and Precipitation,” by W.A. Battaglin, M.T. Meyer, K.M. Kuivila & J.E. Diet, Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA), Vol. 50, Issue 2; April 2014 (16 pages)

Organic Farmers Pay the Price for GMO Contamination,” by Genna Reed, Food & Water Watch; March 2014 (15 pages)

Conflicts of Interest in Approvals of Additives to Food Determined to be Generally Recognized as Safe: Out of Balance,” by Thomas Neltner, Heather Alger, James O’Reilly, Sheldon Krimsky, Lisa Bero, and Maricel Maffini, JAMA Internal Medicine, Vol. 173, No. 22; December 9, 2013 (5 pages)

Health Effects from the Exposure to Pesticides used for the Production of GM Crops: Observations from Epidemiological Studies in Latin America,” compiled by Héctor Valenzuela; July 23, 2013 (56 pages)

Ban GMOs Now – Health and Environmental Hazards, Especially in Light of the New Genetics,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Dr. Eva Sirinathsignhji, Institute of Science in Society; July 2013 (52 pages)

Wake up before it is too Late: Make Agriculture truly Sustainable Now for Food Security in a Changing Climate,” by the United Nations Commission on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); March 2013 (341 pages)

Glyphosate Exposure in a Farmer’s Family,” by Robin Mesnage, Christian Moesch, Rozenn Le Grand Grand, Guillaume Lauthier, Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, Steeve Gress & Gilles-Eric Séralini, Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 3, No. 9; September 2012 (3 pages)

Histopathological Changes in Some Organs of Male Rats Fed on Genetically Modified Corn (Ajeeb YG),” by Z. S. El-Shamei, A. A. Gab-Alla, A. A. Shatta, E. A. Moussa, and A. M. Rayan, Journal of American Science, Vol. 8, No. 10; 2012 (13 pages)

Morphological and Biochemical Changes in Male Rats Fed on Genetically Modified Corn (Ajeeb YG),” by A. A. Gab-Alla, Z. S. El-Shamei, A.A. Shatta, E.A. Moussa, & A.M. Rayan, Journal of American Science, Vol. 8, No. 9; 2012 (7 pages)

‘Enemies of Life in the Name of Life’: Seed Patents, GM Crops, and the Global South,” by Patricia Arenson, Honors Thesis, Anthropology Department, Connecticut College; Spring 2011 (91 pages)

Systemic Risks of Genetically Modified Crops: The Need for New Approaches to Risk Assessment,” by Hartmut Meyer, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 27, Issue 3; February 24, 2011 (11 pages)

GE Salmon Will Not Feed the World,” by Food & Water Watch Europe; November, 2010 (8 pages)

RNAi-Based Insecticidal Crops: Potential Effects on Nontarget Species,” by Jonathan G. Lundgren and Jian J. Duan, BioScience, Vol. 63, No. 8; August 1, 2013 (9 pages)

Bayer’s Double Trouble: When genetically engineered rice meets a toxic pesticide,” by Greenpeace International; March, 2009 (8 pages)

Hope not Hype: The future of agriculture guided by the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development,” by Jack A. Heinemann, Third World Network, 2009 (176 pages)

The New Imperialism: Towards an Advocacy Strategy for GMO Accountability,” by Alison Peck, Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (GIELR), Vol. 21, 2008 (36 pages)

FDA Science and Mission at Risk,” Report of the Subcommittee on Science and Technology to the FDA Science Board; November 2007 (60 pages)

Hawaiian Papaya: GMO Contaminated,” by Melanie Bondera & Mark Query, Hawaii SEED; 2006 (19 pages)

Risk Underestimated – Interviews with nine scientists on the subject of genetically modified plants,” by Florianne Koechlin, Katja Moch, & Christoph Then, Greenpeace; December, 2005 (37 pages)

DNA in GM Food & Feed,” by Dr. Mae Wan-Ho, TWN Biosafety Briefing; August, 2004 (6 pages)

Voices from the South – The Third World Debunks Corporate Myths on Genetically Engineered Crops,” edited by Ellen Hickey and Anuradha Mittal, Food First & Pesticide Action Network North America; May 2003 (69 pages)

Scientists and Government Regulators Speak Out Against Genetic Engineering,” by International Forum on Globalization; undated (2 pages)

Risk assessment and regulation of bioengineered food products,” by Sheldon Krimsky, International Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 2, No. 1/2/3; 2000 (8 pages)



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